Prevention of cardiovascular disease and dementia
Betaine has the special ability to break down homocysteine. Homocysteine is a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which means that it cannot be used to form vital proteins. On the contrary, homocysteine can actually do a whole lot of damage in our human body.
If too high a level is present in our body, it can affect the blood vessels and thus also lead to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, too high a level of homocysteine can contribute to diseases such as depression, dementia, eclampsia, neural tube defects and macular degeneration. It is therefore all the more important to keep blood levels of homocysteine as low as possible.
Betaine TMG can counteract this. Since homocysteine is formed from the essential amino acid methionine, it can be converted back to methionine by methylation. This requires a methyl group. This is precisely what betaine can contribute.
Betaine TMG: a wide range of applications
In addition to lowering homocysteine levels, betaine can additionally influence various metabolic processes. Animal studies have shown that the intake of betaine can alleviate digestive complaints. In the experiments, the ingestion of betaine led to an increased activity of the digestive enzymes amylase, lipase, trypsin and chemotrypsin, which causes this effect (1). In one study, betaine successfully assisted the liver in fat processing (2).
Betaine TMG is also of particular interest to athletes. Several studies show that the intake of betaine reduces the depletion of energy reserves and promotes an increase in performance and the build-up of muscle mass (3).